Surrealism Roland Penrose

Sir Roland Algernon Penrose (14 October 1900 – 23 April 1984)".English Surrealist painter and poet, best known for his exhibitions and books about the work of his friends Picasso, Ernst, Miró, Man Ray, and Tàpies. He planned the International Surrealist Exhibition in 1936, which led to the establishment of an English Surrealist movement. His bold and enigmatic Surrealist paintings, drawings and objects are some of the most enduring images of the movement. He is best known for his post card collages, samples of which are found in major national collections worldwide. Tea hosts this exhibition which brings together pieces of this intellectual British artist and other works of his contemporaries and friends. "(

 "In his early twenties Roland Penrose moved to France and there met most of the major figures in Surrealism. Initially he came under the influence of Picasso and Braque but from about 1925 he came into the circles around Breton. Arising from his close friendship with Picasso the 1950 he wrote a sympathetic biography Picasso - His Life and Work, followed by books on Miro, Man Ray and Tapies for Thames and Hudson. In the 1940s he became a gallery owner, collector and art organiser, indeed he founded the Institute of Contemporary Arts (ICA) in 1946.
Early in the 1930's Penrose became driven to promote surrealism in Britain. He organised the first International Surrealist Exhibition at the New Burlington Galleries, London, in June 1936. As this was such a key event in surrealism in Britain we will look at this before turning to examine Penrose's own paintings.It was attended by André Breton, Paul Éluard and Salvador Dalí. It included works by many of the emerging Continental surrealists, Victor Brauner, De Chirico, Dali, Oscar Dominguez, Max Ernst, Magritte, Wolfgang Paalen, Yves Tanguy and many others. Also included in the exhibition were some British painters, John Banting, John Selby Bigge, Reuben Mednikoff, Gail Pailthorpe and others. "(

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